Literature Review Part 2 Using Citations

By: Writing Tips Today

Literature Review Part 2: When organizing your research within your review of the literature, you will need to use reporting verbs.  Reporting verbs can be used to introduce material objectively as fact or subjectively in order to demonstrate your position or opinion on the research of others.

Here are some example sentences showing how to use reporting verbs when giving citations:

Numerous studies have investigated this question (Smithson, 1999; Qwerty, 2002, Zachary, 2009).

 Jones and Anderson (2007) argued that .....

 Karlson (2005) observed that .....

 Candine's controversial study (2010) suggests that .....

A list of reporting verbs is provided below.  Note that some of these verbs can be used objectively, while others can be used subjectively.  Further, some of them can be used either way.

add

affirm

agree

argue

assert

assume

believe

challenge

claim

clarify

comment

conclude

consider

contend

contradict

demonstrate

deny

describe

determine

disagree

discern

discuss

dispute

emphasise

enumerate

explain

find

imply

infer

maintain

note

observe

point out

posit

postulate

propose

query

question

recognize

recommend

refute

reject

remark

report

repudiate

say

state

suggest

stipulate

view

Other structures:

As noted by . . . ,

According to . . . ,

In . . . 's view,

. . . has expressed a similar view

Please check our site often.  We frequently add new tips on thesis writing!

More Thesis Writing Advice and Tips

Writing Articles & Information.
About the Author:

Compliments of the Writing Tips Today website.


This Article is Brought to you by:


Writing Related Articles:

Term Paper Topics

Term paper topics: Term papers will often focus on a central issue or idea that a student will need to investigate.  You need to be sure that you research the topic carefully, covering all of the aspects to the assign...

By: Writing Tips Today

Professionally Written Resume: Your Future Depends on It

The only information a potention employer usually has about you as a job candidate is the information presented on a resume and in the cover letter. It is also the only information that a hiring manager may have about the ...

By: Tracey Drake

Comparison and Contrast Essays

Comparison and contrast essays are often given as assignments for Composition 101 classes during your freshman year of college. Remember that in order to write a good comparison and contrast essay, you need to write about ...

By: Admin

Updated College Related News:


Useful Websites: