Literature Review Part 4 Nonintegral Citations

By: Writing Tips Today

When you write a literature review for your thesis or dissertation, you will need to use some nonintegral ciatations or references.

Non-integral citations are not included in sentences themselves.  These types of references are given in the information at the end of sentences.  Nonitegral citations are often included in parentheses or brackets at the end of the sentence containing the quoted material.

However, nonintegral citations can also be provided in footnotes at the bottom of each page of the thesis or dissertation. Nonintegral citations can also be given in endnotes at the end of the thesis or dissertation.

Read the following sentences. What is the difference between type A / B and type C / D?

You should analyze the position of the reference, as well as the grammatical subject of each sentence.

Non-integral citations:

A) Numerous studies have analyzed the use of allusion in Hemingway's fiction (Giggins 2005; Jensen 2007; Palmer 2008).

B) Additional classes of materials include metal derivatives (Lowe 1995; Johnson 1998).

C) It is known that the imperfections in the method will affect the outcome [6].

D) More recently, advanced calculus has been used as an element in certain analytical models [8].

Please check our site often.  We frequently add new tips on thesis writing!

More Thesis Writing Advice and Tips

Writing Articles & Information.
About the Author:

Compliments of the Writing Tips Today website.

This Article is Brought to you by:

Writing Related Articles:

Getting Started on Writing Freelance Sites

If you’ve ever tried freelance writing online, then you know that it’s tough to start. When freelancing online, you’re competing against a lot of other people, who have been around freelance sites for a l...

By: Andy Balasis

Plagiarism - Top 10 Ways to Stay Out of Trouble When Writing Your Dissertation, Thesis, Or Paper

With increasing frequency, colleges and universities are making use of Web-based plagiarism checking services to scan papers for stolen material. And the consequences can be dire: at one end of the spectrum, a failing grad...

By: Albert L. , Ph.D

Literature Review Part 2 Using Citations

Literature Review Part 2: When organizing your research within your review of the literature, you will need to use reporting verbs.  Reporting verbs can be used to introduce material objectively as fact or subjectivel...

By: Writing Tips Today

Updated University Related News:

Useful Websites: